Kashan, a historical city in Isfahan province, is the largest and most populous city after the center of this province. Kashan is called the city of flowers and roses, the city of historical houses.
This city is the birthplace of one of the oldest civilizations in the world called Sialk, which is more than seven thousand years old. This city has the first monolithic and urban civilization. With more than 1700 historical monuments, Kashan has 333 nationally registered monuments, among which Finn Garden is registered as UNESCO World heritage.
Kashan has historically been inhabited by people of different races and religions. This city was one of the settlements of Iranian Jews in the past centuries. The Jews of Kashan were mainly expelled Jews from Spain who settled in this area and became mostly Muslims in the following decades.
The climate of this city is of two types, mountainous and desert, which caused this city to experience different seasons at the same time of the year. Desert areas are located in the northern and eastern parts and mountainous areas are located in the southern and western parts. With 2700 hectares of Mohammadi flower farm, Kashan is the largest producer of Mohammadi flowers.
Rose-picking and carpet-washing are among the traditional ceremonies of this city, which attracts many visitors every year. The rose-picking ceremony usually starts in early May and lasts until the end of June, when it is a tourist destination for a large number of Iranians. The carpet-washing ceremony is held on the second Friday of October. From the desert areas of Kashan, we can name Ravand, Khazaq, and Mushkat. From the mountainous areas of Kashan, we can mention Ghamsar, Qahroud, Kamo, Niasar, Barzak and Marq and Nashlaj.
The oldest artifacts of human habitation in the Kashan region are stone tools that have been discovered near the springs of Niasar and in the travertine of the blood hyena, and belong to the Middle Paleolithic era, which is more than forty thousand years old. Neanderthals probably lived in the area during this period. Modern man has been settled in the area for about forty thousand years, and traces of it have been found in the white travertine hills. The people of this period made a living by hunting and gathering plants, and due to the drought of the region, they settled mostly around the springs at the foot of the Karkas Mountain. The stone tools made by these people are now on public display in the National Museum of Iran.
The city of Kashan is located in the north of Isfahan province and in the north of Natanz Karkas mountains and east of the central desert of Iran. This area is arid and poor in terms of vegetation.
The peak of Dareh Mountain is next to Dareh village and 14 km southwest of Kashan with a height of 2985 meters overlooking Kashan city.
Kashan economy has long been based on the agricultural industry and production of products such as cotton, onions, cereals, summer crops and various fruits and medicinal plants, rose essence and preparation of traditional distillates and handicrafts such as coppersmithing, tiling, silk weaving, velvet weaving, silk weaving, kilim weaving, Zilobafi
Tourism is also one of the economic areas of Kashan. Kashan has 1700 recognized historical monuments and 313 nationally registered monuments. Its tourist attractions have caused a large number of tourists to visit the sights and historical monuments and handicrafts of Kashan every year.