National Museum of Iran
National Museum of Iran, or the Museum of Ancient Iran, is the oldest, most important, and one of the biggest and richest museums in Iran. The museum is divided into two sections: Ancient Iran and Islamic Era. Historical pieces are displayed in Ancient Iran sector from the Paleolithic to the Sasanian era. In the Islamic sector, objects from the post-Islamic era are represented.
The total area allocated to the museum is 5,500 m2, with 2,744 m2 of infrastructure and the museum building is about 11,000 m2. The main building of the museum has three floors. Perhaps at the time when the plan was granted to Godard, in that time atmosphere and even intensified by the title of the museum, the first idea presented to him was to return to the form of architecture in ancient Iran to show ancient Iranian objects. Finally, what Godard has applied to the museum’s architectural idea is a reflection of Sasanian architecture.
Construction of the National Museum began in 1933 for four years consisting four phases. Andre Godard considered the location of the building in the north-south direction, with a short distance from Si-tir or Qavamo-Saltaneh Street. This museum is decorated with red bricks, in a horizontal rectangle sleeping form on the ground, made up of three separate sections, joined together in bulk.
On each side of the entrance is a two-story building, for library, exhibition and conference halls. On the top of the portal is a marble inscription in which is a poem by Mohammad-Taqi Bahar, written in Thuluth script by Amir-Ol-Ketab.
The construction of the Islamic era museum was started in 1931 in National Museum’s area to perform various cultural activities. It finally ended with many interruptions in 1950. However, its additional steps postponed until further years.
National Museum of Iran is located in Tehran and is one of the landmarks of it. It is located on Si-tir Street in the western part of Melal Mottahed Street, north of Imam Khomeini Street (former Sepah) and west of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
To visit the prehistory sector
You should go to the second floor and we recommend you to start your visiting from this floor. In this section, you will see objects from the earliest times of human life, from the Old Paleolithic age until the late fourth millennium BC, from the earliest times up to the innovation of writing. Stone tools related to the Paleolithic era, pottery of important regions and archeological sites, human and animal mud effigies, and Chakhmagh Stone Hill pottery replica are spectacular from that period.
After traversing the prehistory section, you enter the world of history and civilization by going to historic eras’ floor. It contains objects from the late millennium BCE, the beginning of applying writing to the end of the Sasanian period. Among the most prominent pieces in this section are the oldest animations in the world on pottery from Shahr-e Sukhteh, the statue of Darius I, the bronze statue of the man Zavi Shemi and the Salt man of Zanjan mine.
You can also record from this ancient museum and its divisions an unforgettable memory of Iran both for you and for your companions.