Kashan is a city and the capital county of Kashan. According to the census in 2006, the population of this city is 302,509, who live 270 kilometers from the south of Tehran, the capital of Iran, and between the slope of Natanz Karkas mountain and Dasht-e Kavir.
This city is bordered by Qom province from the north, Natanz and Ardestan from the south, Karkas and Siah Kuh mountains from the west, Mahalat and Arak cities, and the central desert of Iran from the east. Kashan is ranked 20th in terms of population and the 11th industrial city in Iran, and the reason for this is numerous factories in there such as auto parts manufacturer. The history of the textile industry in this city goes back to the She’r Bafi production time, and now more than a thousand people are working in the textile factories.
History of Sultani School-Mosque
Sultani School-Mosque is located in traditional bazaar of Kashan, which belongs to the Qajar period and has survived with all its early architectural features and architectural techniques of that time. This school-mosque was registered in Iran national heritage list under number 251 on June 20, 1946.
Sultani Mosque, which is now known as Imam Khomeini Mosque and Theological School, is one of the architectural relics of the Qajar period and one of the largest and most magnificent theological schools in Kashan, built by the order of Fath-Ali Shah Qajar from 1806 to 1813 in the style of Chahar Bagh and Sadr schools in Isfahan. The architecture was Mohammad Shafi, thanks to Mirza Abul Qasem Isfahani efforts and the teaching was entrusted to Molla Ahmad Naraqi.
Upon entering the building, there is a portal tiled in an interesting style, then there is the entrance vestibule of the school, which can be accessed through two corridors. From this vestibule, located in the east side of the building, you can see the huge brick double-covered dome, which is in the west side of the school.
At the top of the portal’s vestibule is the interesting and spectacular place of adhan (minaret). The school yard is full of pines, eye-catching in the middle of the school’s large fountain. Around the yard, more than fifty rooms that have been built for students’ accommodation. The decorations of this school include plaster inscriptions and Haft-rang tiles, especially in the mihrab under the dome, and beautiful plaster muqarnases in front of the portal and the dome.
The Architecture of Sultanieh School-Mosque
All the encaustic tiles and the inscriptions with Quranic verses have engraved “Ibrahim bin Mohammad Reza 1229” and in another place “Muhammad Taqi bin Hussain 1226” and the architect’s name is on both walls: “Mohammed Shafi year 1226”. In the north and south sides of the dome, there are two rectangular naves, extended to the end of the school. The walls and niches on the sides of the great porch and behind the sides of the rooms and the facade are classrooms, also the lower platform of the minaret, and the portal are all covered and decorated with colorful clay tiles with flowers and bushes patterns.
The courtyard of this school is very pleasant and graceful due to its excellent design and high-quality plan, vast space, and beautiful view, and it is kind of unique.
The Interior of Sultani School-Mosque
The courtyard of this place is full of pines, which totally evokes the school-environment mood and reminds you of a green and beautiful space for childhood games. The interior of Sultanieh School has been beautifully decorated with plaster inscriptions, Haft-rang tiles for the mihrab under the dome, and the portal and the plaster muqarnases for the dome.