American astronauts named Neil Armstrong and Edwin Buzz Aldrin were the first people to land on the moon in history on July 20, 1969. As a result, this special day, July 20, was designated as World Moon Day on the global calendar.
After President John F. Kennedy’s speech saying, “I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth,” the dream became a reality on July 20, 1969. The Apollo 11 mission began on July 16, and on July 20, humans landed on the moon for the first time, with Neil Armstrong taking his historic first step on the lunar surface on July 21. Reaching the moon was a great achievement for the United States and all of humanity. The journey lasted approximately 8 days, 3 hours, and 18 minutes. Apollo 11 traveled about 15,337,792 kilometers from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida to reach the moon and safely returned, landing in the Pacific Ocean.
According to Kental Travel, so far, around 550 people have traveled to space (including Yuri Gagarin, the first Russian cosmonaut, and Anousheh Ansari, the first female space tourist of Iranian descent), but only 24 people have traveled to the moon. This year, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) announced four astronauts who are set to return to lunar orbit after half a century. In a ceremony held in Houston, Texas, NASA revealed that Reid Wiseman, Victor Glover, Christina H. Koch, and Jeremy Hansen are scheduled to embark on a ten-day Artemis II mission to the moon in November. This will once again send astronauts, representing the inhabitants of Earth, on a journey to the moon after 52 years.